Fox News

American conservative cable tv information channel

The Fox News Channel, abbreviated FNC, generally generally known as Fox News, and stylized in all caps, is an American multinational conservative[3][4][5][6] cable information tv channel based mostly in New York Metropolis. It’s owned by Fox News Media, which itself is owned by the Fox Company.[7] The channel broadcasts primarily from studios at 1211 Avenue of the Americas in Midtown Manhattan. Fox News supplies service to 86 nations and abroad territories worldwide,[8] with worldwide broadcasts that includes Fox Further segments throughout advert breaks.[9]

The channel was created by Australian-American media mogul Rupert Murdoch to attraction to a conservative viewers, hiring former Republican media advisor and CNBC govt Roger Ailes as its founding CEO.[10][11] It launched on October 7, 1996, to 17 million cable subscribers.[12] Fox News grew in the course of the late Nineteen Nineties and 2000s to develop into the dominant subscription information community within the U.S.[13] As of September 2018, roughly 87,118,000 U.S. households (90.8% of tv subscribers) obtained Fox News.[14] In 2019, Fox News was the top-rated cable community, averaging 2.5 million viewers.[15][16][17] Murdoch is the present govt chairman and Suzanne Scott is the CEO.[18][19]

Fox News has been described as practising biased reporting in favor of the Republican Occasion, its politicians, and conservative causes whereas portraying the Democratic Occasion in a adverse gentle.[25] Critics have cited the channel as detrimental to the integrity of stories total.[26][27] Fox News’ official place is that its information reporting operates independently of its opinion and commentary programming, and it has denied bias in its information reporting, though former workers have acknowledged that Fox ordered them to “slant the news in favor of conservatives”.[28][29] In the course of the presidency of Donald Trump, observers mentioned there was a pronounced tendency of the Fox News Channel to function a “mouthpiece” for the administration, offering “propaganda” and a “feedback loop” for Trump, with students suggesting that the channel got here to resemble a type of state TV.[30][31]

Historical past

In {May} 1985, Australian writer Rupert Murdoch introduced that he and American industrialist and philanthropist Marvin Davis meant to develop “a network of independent stations as a fourth marketing force” to compete instantly with CBS, NBC, and ABC by way of the acquisition of six tv stations owned by Metromedia.[32] In July 1985, twentieth Century Fox introduced Murdoch had accomplished his buy of fifty% of Fox Filmed Leisure, the dad or mum firm of twentieth Century Fox Movie Company.[33] A 12 months later, twentieth Century Fox earned $5.6 million in its fiscal third interval ended {May} 31, 1986, in distinction to a lack of $55.8 million within the third interval of the earlier 12 months.[34]

Subsequently, and previous to founding FNC, Murdoch had gained expertise within the 24-hour information enterprise when News Company’s BSkyB subsidiary started Europe’s first 24-hour information channel (Sky News) in the UK in 1989.[35] With the success of his fourth community efforts in the USA,[36] expertise gained from Sky News and the turnaround of twentieth Century Fox, Murdoch introduced on January 31, 1996, that News Corp. would launch a 24-hour information channel on cable and satellite tv for pc techniques in the USA as a part of a News Corp. “worldwide platform” for Fox programming: “The appetite for news – particularly news that explains to people how it affects them – is expanding enormously”.[37]

In February 1996, after former U.S. Republican Occasion political strategist and NBC govt[38] Roger Ailes left cable tv channel America’s Speaking (now MSNBC), Murdoch requested him to begin Fox News Channel. Ailes demanded 5 months of 14-hour workdays and several other weeks of rehearsal exhibits earlier than its launch on October 7, 1996.[1]

At its debut 17 million households have been in a position to watch FNC;[12] nonetheless, it was absent from the biggest U.S. media markets of New York Metropolis and Los Angeles. Rolling information protection in the course of the day consisted of 20-minute single-topic exhibits equivalent to Fox on Crime or Fox on Politics, surrounded by information headlines. Interviews featured info on the backside of the display screen in regards to the matter or the visitor. The flagship newscast on the time was The Schneider Report, with Mike Schneider’s fast-paced supply of the information. In the course of the night, Fox featured opinion exhibits: The O’Reilly Report (later The O’Reilly Issue), The Crier Report (hosted by Catherine Crier) and Hannity & Colmes.

From the start, FNC has positioned heavy emphasis on visible presentation. Graphics have been designed to be colourful and acquire consideration; this helped the viewer to understand the details of what was being mentioned, even when they might not hear the host (with on-screen textual content summarizing the place of the interviewer or speaker, and “bullet points” when a number was delivering commentary). Fox News additionally created the “Fox News Alert”, which interrupted its common programming when a breaking information story occurred.

Fox News Studios in 2009.

To speed up its adoption by cable suppliers, Fox News paid techniques as much as $11 per subscriber to distribute the channel.[39] This contrasted with the traditional apply, by which cable operators paid stations carriage charges for programming. When Time Warner purchased Ted Turner’s Turner Broadcasting System, a federal antitrust consent decree required Time Warner to hold a second all-news channel along with its personal CNN on its cable techniques. Time Warner chosen MSNBC because the secondary information channel, not Fox News. Fox News claimed this violated an settlement (to hold Fox News). Citing its settlement to maintain its U.S. headquarters and a big studio in New York Metropolis, News Company enlisted the assistance of Mayor Rudolph Giuliani’s administration to strain Time Warner Cable (one of many metropolis’s two cable suppliers) to transmit Fox News on a city-owned channel.[40] Metropolis officers threatened to take motion affecting Time Warner’s cable franchises within the metropolis.[41]

In the course of the September 11, 2001, assaults, Fox News was the primary information group to run a information ticker on the underside of the display screen to maintain up with the stream of data that day. The ticker has remained, informing viewers about extra information which reporters {may} not point out on-screen and repeating information talked about throughout a broadcast; it has confirmed standard with viewers.[42]

Political alignment

Fox News has been described as practising biased reporting in favor of the Republican Occasion, the George W. Bush and Donald Trump administrations, and conservative causes whereas portraying the Democratic Occasion in a adverse gentle.[20][21][22][23] Critics have cited the channel as detrimental to the integrity of stories total.[26][27] Fox News workers have mentioned that information reporting operates independently of its opinion and commentary programming, and have denied bias in information reporting, whereas former workers have mentioned that Fox ordered them to “slant the news in favor of conservatives”.[43] Throughout Trump’s presidency, observers famous a pronounced tendency of the Fox News Channel to function a “mouthpiece” for the administration, offering “propaganda” and a “feedback loop” for Trump, with one presidential scholar stating, “It’s the closest we’ve come to having state TV.”[30][31] In keeping with a March 2021 Pew Analysis Heart ballot, 73% of People thought of Fox News “mainstream media.”[44]

Retailers

Fox News airport newsstand
Television news studio

FNC maintains an archive of most of its applications. This archive additionally contains Movietone News sequence of newsreels from its now Disney-owned namesake film studio, twentieth Century Fox. Licensing for the Fox News archive is dealt with by ITN Supply, the archiving division of ITN.[45]

Tv

FNC presents quite a lot of programming, with as much as 15 hours of stay broadcasting per day along with programming and content material for the Fox Broadcasting Firm. Most applications are broadcast from Fox News headquarters in New York Metropolis (at 1211 Avenue of the Americas), in its streetside studio on Sixth Avenue within the west wing of Rockefeller Heart, sharing its headquarters with sister channel Fox Enterprise Community. Fox News Channel has eight studios at its New York Metropolis headquarters which are used for its and Fox Enterprise’ programming: Studio B (used for Fox Enterprise programming), Studio D (which has an space for studio audiences; not in present use), Studio E (used for Gutfeld! and The Journal Editorial Report), Studio F (used for The Story with Martha MacCallum, The 5, Fox Democracy 2020, Fox & Associates, Outnumbered, The Faulkner Focus, Fox News Primetime, and Watters’ World) Studio G (which homes Fox Enterprise exhibits, The Fox Report, Your World with Neil Cavuto, and Cavuto Dwell), Studio H (Fox News Deck used for breaking information protection, not in present use), Studio J (used for America’s Newsroom, Hannity, Justice with Choose Jeanine, Fox News Dwell, Fox & Associates First, and Sunday Morning Futures) Beginning in 2018, Thursday Evening Soccer had its pregame present, Fox NFL Thursday, originating from Studio F. One other Fox Sports activities program, First Issues First, additionally broadcasts from Studio E.

Different such applications (equivalent to Particular Report with Bret Baier, The Ingraham Angle, Fox News @ Evening, Media Buzz, and editions of Fox News Dwell not broadcast from the New York Metropolis studios) are broadcast from Fox News’s Washington, D.C. studios, situated on Capitol Hill throughout from Union Station in a secured constructing shared by plenty of different tv networks (together with NBC News and C-SPAN). The Subsequent Revolution is broadcast from Fox News’ Los Angeles bureau studio, which can also be used for information updates coming from L.A.. Tucker Carlson Tonight and Life, Liberty, & Levin are executed from private studios, in Maine and Virginia respectively. Audio simulcasts of the channel are aired on SiriusXM Satellite tv for pc Radio.

In an October 11, 2009, in a New York Instances article, Fox mentioned its hard-news programming runs from “9 AM to 4 PM and 6 to 8 PM on weekdays”. Nevertheless, it makes no such claims for its different broadcasts, which primarily include editorial journalism and commentary.[46]

Fox News Channel started broadcasting within the 720p decision format on {May} 1, 2008.[47] This format is accessible on all main cable and satellite tv for pc suppliers.

The Fox News Group produces Fox News Sunday, which airs on Fox Broadcasting and re-airs on FNC. Fox News additionally produces occasional particular occasion protection that’s broadcast on FBC.

Radio

With the expansion of the FNC, the corporate launched a radio division, Fox News Radio, in 2003.[48] Syndicated all through the USA, the division supplies brief newscasts and discuss radio applications that includes personalities from the tv and radio divisions. In 2006, the corporate additionally launched Fox News Discuss, a satellite tv for pc radio station that includes applications syndicated by (and that includes) Fox News personalities.

On-line

Launched in December 1995,[49] the Fox News web site options the most recent protection, together with columns by FNC tv, radio and on-line personalities. Video clips are additionally out there on Foxnews.com and Foxbusiness.com. Fox News Latino is the model aimed on the Hispanic viewers, though offered virtually totally in English, with a Spanish part.[50]

In September 2008, FNC joined different channels in introducing a stay streaming phase to its web site: The Technique Room, designed to attraction to older viewers. It airs weekdays from 9 AM to five PM and takes the type of an off-the-cuff dialogue, with working commentary on the information. Common dialogue applications embrace Enterprise Hour, News With a View and God Discuss.[51] In March 2009, The Fox Nation was launched as an internet site meant to encourage readers to put up articles commenting on the information.[52] Fox News Cell is the portion of the FNC web site devoted to streaming information clips formatted for video-enabled cell phones.[53]

Rankings and reception

In 2003, Fox News noticed a big rankings leap in the course of the early levels of the U.S. invasion of Iraq. On the {height} of the battle, in line with some experiences, Fox News had as a lot as a 300% improve in viewership (averaging 3.3 million viewers day by day).[54] In 2004, Fox News’ rankings for its broadcast of the Republican Nationwide Conference exceeded these of the three main broadcast networks. Throughout President George W. Bush’s handle, Fox News attracted 7.3 million viewers nationally; NBC, ABC, and CBS had a viewership of 5.9 million, 5.1 million, and 5.0 million respectively.

Between late 2005 and early 2006, Fox News noticed a quick decline in rankings. One was within the second quarter of 2006, when it misplaced viewers for each prime-time program in contrast with the earlier quarter. The viewers for the Particular Report with Brit Hume, for instance, dropped 19%. A number of weeks later, within the wake of the 2006 North Korean missile take a look at and the 2006 Lebanon Conflict, Fox noticed a surge in viewership and remained the top-rated cable information channel.[55] Fox produced eight of the highest ten most-watched nightly cable information exhibits, with The O’Reilly Issue and Hannity & Colmes ending first and second respectively.[56]

FNC ranked No. 8 in viewership amongst all cable channels in 2006, and No. 7 in 2007.[57] The channel ranked primary in the course of the week of Barack Obama’s election (November 3–9) in 2008, and reached the highest spot once more in January 2010 (in the course of the week of the particular Senate election in Massachusetts).[58] Evaluating Fox to its 24-hour-news-channel rivals, in {May} 2010, the channel drew a mean day by day prime-time viewers of 1.8 million viewers (versus 747,000 for MSNBC and 595,000 for CNN).[59]

In September 2009, the Pew Analysis Heart revealed a report on the general public view of nationwide information organizations. Within the report, 72 p.c of polled Republican Fox viewers rated the channel as “favorable”, whereas 43 p.c of polled Democratic viewers and 55 p.c of all polled viewers shared that opinion. Nevertheless, Fox was given the best “unfavorable” ranking of all nationwide shops studied (25 p.c of all polled viewers). The report went on to say, “partisan differences in views of Fox News have increased substantially since 2007”.[60]

A Public Coverage Polling ballot concluded in 2013 that optimistic perceptions of FNC had declined from 2010. 41% of polled voters mentioned they belief it, down from 49% in 2010, whereas 46% mentioned they mistrust it, up from 37% in 2010. It was additionally known as the “most trusted” community by 34% of these polled, greater than had mentioned the identical of some other community.[61]

On the evening of October 22, 2012, Fox set a report for its highest-rated telecast, with 11.5 million viewers for the third U.S. presidential debate.[62] In prime time the week earlier than, Fox averaged virtually 3.7 million viewers with a complete day common of 1.66 million viewers.[63]

In prime time and whole day rankings for the week of April 15 to 21, 2013, Fox News, propelled by its protection of the Boston Marathon bombing, was the highest-ranked community on U.S. cable tv, for the primary time since August 2005, when Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast of the USA.[64] January 2014 marked Fox News’s 145th consecutive month because the highest-rated cable information channel. Throughout that month, Fox News beat CNN and MSNBC mixed in total viewers in each prime time hours and the overall day.[65] Within the third quarter of 2014, the community was the most-watched cable channel throughout prime time hours.[66] In the course of the last week of the marketing campaign for the USA elections, 2014, Fox News had the best rankings of any cable channel, information or in any other case. On election evening itself, Fox News’ protection had larger rankings than that of any of the opposite 5 cable or community information sources amongst viewers between 25 and 54 years of age.[67] The community hosted the primary prime-time GOP candidates’ discussion board of the 2016 marketing campaign on August 6. The controversy reached a record-breaking 24 million viewers, by far the biggest viewers for any cable information occasion.[68]

In 2018, Fox News was rated by Nielsen as America’s most watched cable community, averaging a report 2.4 million viewers in prime time and whole day in the course of the interval of January 1 to December 30, 2018.[69]

The COVID-19 pandemic led to elevated viewership for all cable information networks. For the primary calendar quarter of 2020 (January 1 – March 31), Fox News had their highest-rated quarter within the community’s historical past, with Nielsen exhibiting a chief time common whole viewers of three.387 million viewers. Sean Hannity’s program, Hannity, weeknights at 9 pm ET was the top-rated present in cable information for the quarter averaging 4.2 million viewers, a determine that not solely beat out all of its cable information competitors but in addition positioned it forward of community competitors in the identical time slot. Fox ended the quarter with the highest 5 exhibits in prime time, with Fox’s Tucker Carlson Tonight ending the quarter in second total with a mean viewers of 4.2 million viewers, adopted by The 5, The Ingraham Angle, and Particular Report with Bret Baier. The Rachel Maddow Present was the best non-Fox present on cable, coming in sixth place. Ending the quarter in twenty second place was The Lead with Jake Tapper, CNN’s highest rated present.[70] In keeping with a Fox News article on the topic, Fox & Associates averaged 1.8 million viewers, topping CNN’s New Day and MSNBC’s Morning Joe mixed. The identical Fox News article famous that the Fox Enterprise Community additionally had its highest-rated quarter in historical past and that Fox News itself completed March because the highest-rated community in cable for the forty fifth consecutive month, “…and the digital platforms excelled, too,” the article claimed.[71]

In July 2020, the Wikipedia group introduced that Fox News would not be thought of “generally reliable” in its reporting of science and politics, and that it “should be used with caution to verify contentious claims” for these matters.[72][73] The choice was made on account of Fox News downplaying the COVID-19 pandemic, in addition to allegations of Fox News spreading misinformation about local weather change and reporting on the false idea of “no-go zones” for non-Muslims in British cities.[72]

In keeping with the Los Angeles Instances on August 19, 2020: “Fox News Channel had six of last week’s 11 highest-rated prime-time programs to finish first in the network ratings race for the third time since June” 2020.[74]

A Morning Seek the advice of survey the week after Election Day 2020 confirmed 30 p.c of Republicans in the USA had an unfavorable opinion of Fox News, whereas 54 p.c of Republicans considered the community favorably, in comparison with 67 p.c earlier than the election. A McClatchy information story steered criticism from Donald Trump as a significant purpose, in addition to the community’s early calling of Arizona for Joe Biden, and later becoming a member of different networks in declaring Biden the winner of the 2020 election.[75]

Rankings have been additionally down for Fox News. Though it remained forward of different networks total, its morning present fell out of first place for the primary time since 2001. Trump really helpful OANN, which was gaining viewers. Newsmax was additionally growing in reputation.[75]

Demographics

As indicated by a New York Instances article, based mostly on Nielsen statistics, Fox seems to have a principally aged demographic.[76] In 2008, within the 25–54 age group, Fox News had a mean of 557,000 viewers, however dropped to 379,000 in 2013 whereas growing its total viewers from 1.89 million in 2010 to 2.02 million in 2013. The median age of a prime-time viewer was 68 as of 2015.[77] A 2019 Pew Analysis Heart survey confirmed that amongst those that named Fox News as their principal supply for political information, 69% are aged 50 or older.[78]

In keeping with a 2013 Gallup ballot, 94% of Fox viewers “either identify as or lean Republican”.[79] The 2019 Pew survey confirmed that amongst individuals who named Fox News as their principal supply for political and election information, 93% establish as Republicans. Among the many high eight political information sources named by a minimum of 2% of American adults, the outcomes present Fox News and MSNBC as the 2 information channels with probably the most partisan audiences.[78]

Slogan

Fox News Channel initially used the slogan “Fair and Balanced”, which was coined by community co-founder Roger Ailes whereas the community was being established. The New York Instances described the slogan as being a “blunt signal that Fox News planned to counteract what Mr. Ailes and many others viewed as a liberal bias ingrained in television coverage by establishment news networks”.[80][81] In a 2013 interview with Peter Robinson of the Hoover Establishment, Rupert Murdoch defended the corporate’s “Fair and Balanced” slogan saying “In fact, you’ll find just as many Democrats as Republicans on and so on”.[82]

In August 2003, Fox News sued comic Al Franken over his use of the slogan as a subtitle for his e book, Lies and the Mendacity Liars Who Inform Them: A Honest and Balanced Have a look at the Proper, which is important of Fox News Channel.[83] The lawsuit was dropped three days later, after Choose Denny Chin refused its request for an injunction. In his determination, Chin dominated the case was “wholly without merit, both factually and legally”. He went on to recommend that Fox News’ trademark on the phrase “fair and balanced” might be invalid.[84] In December 2003, FNC received a authorized battle in regards to the slogan, when AlterNet filed a cancellation petition with the USA Patent and Trademark Workplace (USPTO) to have FNC’s trademark rescinded as inaccurate. AlterNet included Robert Greenwald’s documentary movie Outfoxed (2004) as supporting proof in its case.[85] After dropping early motions, AlterNet withdrew its petition; the USPTO dismissed the case.[86] In 2008, FNC used the slogan “We Report, You Decide”, referring to “You Decide 2008” (FNC’s authentic slogan for its protection of election points).

In August 2016, Fox News Channel started to quietly part out the “Fair and Balanced” slogan in favor of “Most Watched, Most Trusted”; when these modifications have been reported in June 2017 by Gabriel Sherman (a author who had written a biography on Ailes), a community govt mentioned the change “has nothing to do with programming or editorial decisions”. It was speculated by media shops that Fox News Channel was wishing to distance itself from Ailes’ tenure on the community.[80][81][87] In March 2018, the community launched a brand new advert marketing campaign, Actual News. Actual Sincere Opinion. The advert marketing campaign is meant to advertise the community’s opinion-based programming and counter perceptions surrounding “fake news”.[88][89]

In mid-November 2020, following the election, Fox News started to make use of the slogan “Standing Up For What’s Right” to advertise its primetime lineup.[90]

Content material

Benghazi assault and aftermath

Fox News supplied in depth protection of the 2012 Benghazi assault, which host Sean Hannity described in December 2012 as “the story that the mainstream media ignores” and “obviously, a cover-up. And we will get to the bottom of it.”[91] Programming evaluation by Media Issues discovered that in the course of the twenty months following the Benghazi assaults, FNC ran 1,098 segments on the problem, together with:[92]

  • 478 segments involving Susan Rice’s September 16, 2012, Sunday information present appearances, throughout which she was falsely accused of mendacity
  • 382 segments on Particular Report, the community’s flagship information program
  • 281 segments alleging a “cover-up” by the Obama administration
  • 144 interviews of GOP members of Congress, however simply 5 interviews of Democratic members of Congress and Obama administration officers
  • 120 comparisons to Iran-Contra, Watergate, and the actions of the Nixon administration
  • 100 segments falsely suggesting the administration issued a “stand-down order” to stop a rescue operation in Benghazi

Over practically 4 years after the Benghazi assault, there have been ten official investigations, together with six by Republican-controlled Home committees. Not one of the investigations discovered any proof of scandal, cover-up or mendacity by Obama administration officers.

On June 29, 2018, Fox News broadcast a phase by information anchor Bret Baier entitled “Whatever happened to the Benghazi investigation?” which repeated a number of the accusations the community had beforehand made about Susan Rice and Hillary Clinton, however for which the ladies had been exonerated by the official investigations.[93]

Uranium One

From 2015 into 2018, Fox News broadcast in depth protection of an alleged scandal surrounding the sale of Uranium One to Russian pursuits, which host Sean Hannity characterised as “one of the biggest scandals in American history”.[94] In keeping with Media Issues the Fox News protection prolonged all through the programming day, with explicit emphasis by Hannity.[95] The community promoted an finally unfounded narrative asserting that, as Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton personally permitted the Uranium One sale in trade for $145 million in bribes paid to the Clinton Basis. Donald Trump repeated these allegations as a candidate and as president.[96][97][98] No proof of wrongdoing by Clinton had been discovered after 4 years of allegations, an FBI investigation, and the 2017 appointment of a Federal lawyer to guage the investigation. In November 2017, Fox News host Shepard Smith concisely debunked the alleged scandal, infuriating viewers who steered he ought to work for CNN or MSNBC.[97] Hannity later known as Smith “clueless,” whereas Smith acknowledged, “I get it, that some of our opinion programming is there strictly to be entertaining. I get that. I don’t work there. I wouldn’t work there.”[99][100]

Professional-Republican and pro-Trump bias

Fox News Channel has been broadly described as offering biased reporting in favor of conservative political positions,[106] the Republican Occasion[22][107][108] and President Donald Trump.[113] Political scientist Jonathan Bernstein described Fox News as an expanded a part of the Republican Occasion.[22][108] Political scientists Matt Grossmann and David A. Hopkins wrote that Fox News helped “Republicans communicate with their base and spread their ideas, and they have been effective in mobilizing voters to participate in midterm elections (as in 2010 and 2014).”[22] Previous to 2000, Fox News lacked an ideological tilt, and had extra Democrats watch the channel than Republicans.[114] In the course of the 2004 presidential election, Fox News was markedly extra hostile in its protection of Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry, and distinguished itself amongst cable information shops for heavy protection of the Swift Boat smear marketing campaign towards Kerry.[115][116][117] Throughout President Obama’s first time period in workplace, Fox News helped launch and amplify the Tea Occasion motion, a conservative motion throughout the Republican social gathering that organized protests towards Obama and his insurance policies.[123]

In the course of the Republican primaries, Fox News was perceived as attempting to stop Trump from clinching the nomination.[101] Nevertheless, beneath Trump’s presidency, Fox News remade itself into his picture, as hardly any criticism of Trump might be heard on Fox News’ prime-time exhibits.[109][124] In Fox News’ information reporting, the community devoted way more protection to Hillary Clinton-related tales, which critics mentioned was meant to deflect consideration from the investigation into Russian interference within the 2016 election.[124] Trump supplied important entry to Fox News throughout his presidency, giving 19 interviews to the channel whereas solely 6 in whole to different information channels by November 2017; The New York Instances described Trump’s Fox News interviews as “softball interviews” and a number of the interviewers’ interview kinds as “fawning”;[125] equally, The Economist has described the community’s protection of Trump’s presidency as “reliably fawning”.[126] From 2015 to 2017, the Fox News prime-time line-up modified from being skeptical and questioning of Trump to a “Trump safe space, with a dose of Bannonist populism once considered on the fringe”.[127] The Fox News web site has additionally develop into extra excessive in its rhetoric since Trump’s election; in line with Columbia College’s Tow Heart for Digital Journalism, the Fox News web site has “gone a little Breitbart” over time.[128] At the beginning of 2018, Fox News principally ignored high-profile scandals within the Trump administration which obtained ample protection in different nationwide media shops, equivalent to White Home Employees Secretary Rob Porter’s resignation amid home abuse allegations, the downgrading of Jared Kushner’s safety clearance and the existence of a non-disclosure settlement between Trump and the porn star Stormy Daniels.[129]

In March 2019, Jane Mayer reported in The New Yorker that Fox News.com reporter Diana Falzone had the story of the Stormy Daniels–Donald Trump scandal earlier than the 2016 election, however that Fox News govt Ken LaCorte instructed her: “Good reporting, kiddo. But Rupert [Murdoch] wants Donald Trump to win. So just let it go,” and the story was killed. LaCorte denied making the assertion to Falzone, however conceded, “I was the person who made the call. I didn’t run it upstairs to Roger Ailes or others…I didn’t do it to protect Donald Trump,” including “[Falzone] had put up a story that just wasn’t anywhere close to being something I was comfortable publishing.” Nik Richie, who claimed to be one of many sources for the story, known as LaCorte’s account “complete bullshit”, including “Fox News was culpable. I voted for Trump, and I like Fox, but they did their own ‘catch and kill’ on the story to protect him.”[30][130]

A 2008 research discovered Fox News gave disproportionate consideration to polls suggesting low approval for President Invoice Clinton.[131] A 2009 research discovered Fox News was much less prone to decide up tales that mirrored properly on Democrats, and extra prone to decide up tales that mirrored properly on Republicans.[132] A 2010 research evaluating Fox News Channel’s Particular Report With Brit Hume and NBC’s Nightly News protection of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan throughout 2005 concluded “Fox News was much more sympathetic to the administration than NBC”, suggesting “if scholars continue to find evidence of a partisan or ideological bias at FNC … they should consider Fox as alternative, rather than mainstream, media”.[133]

Analysis finds that Fox News will increase Republican vote shares and makes Republican politicians extra partisan.[103][134][135][136] A 2007 research, utilizing the introduction of Fox News into native markets (1996–2000) as an instrumental variable, discovered that within the 2000 presidential election “Republicans gained 0.4 to 0.7 percentage points in the towns that broadcast Fox News”, suggesting “Fox News convinced 3 to 28 percent of its viewers to vote Republican, depending on the audience measure”.[103] These outcomes have been confirmed by a 2015 research.[136] A 2014 research, utilizing the identical instrumental variable, discovered congressional “representatives become less supportive of President Clinton in districts where Fox News begins broadcasting than similar representatives in similar districts where Fox News was not broadcast.”[135] A 2017 research, utilizing channel positions as an instrumental variable, discovered “Fox News increases Republican vote shares by 0.3 points among viewers induced into watching 2.5 additional minutes per week by variation in position.”[134] One other 2014 paper discovered Fox News viewing elevated Republican vote shares amongst voters who recognized as Republican or impartial.[137]

Fox News publicly denies it’s biased, with Murdoch and Ailes saying have included Murdoch’s assertion that Fox has “given room to both sides, whereas only one side had it before”.[138] Fox News host Chris Wallace has mentioned, “I think we are the counter-weight [to NBC News] … they have a liberal agenda, and we tell the other side of the story.”[139] In 2004, Robert Greenwald’s documentary movie Outfoxed: Rupert Murdoch’s Conflict on Journalism argued Fox News had a conservative bias and featured clips from Fox News and inside memos from editorial vp John Moody directing Fox News workers on learn how to report sure topics.[140][141]

A leaked memo from Fox News vp Invoice Sammon to information workers on the {height} of the well being care reform in the USA debate has been cited for instance of the pro-Republican Occasion bias of Fox News. His memo requested the workers to “use the term ‘government-run health insurance,’ or, when brevity is a concern, ‘government option,’ whenever possible”. The memo was despatched shortly after Republican pollster Frank Luntz suggested Sean Hannity on his Fox present, “If you call it a public option, the American people are split. If you call it the government option, the public is overwhelmingly against it”.[142]

Surveys recommend Fox News is broadly perceived to be ideological. A 2009 Pew survey discovered Fox News is considered as probably the most ideological channel in America, with 47 p.c of these surveyed mentioned Fox News is “mostly conservative”, 14 p.c mentioned “mostly liberal” and 24 p.c mentioned “neither”. As compared, MSNBC had 36 p.c establish it as “mostly liberal”, 11 p.c as “mostly conservative” and 27 p.c as “neither”. CNN had 37 p.c describe it as “mostly liberal”, 11 p.c as “mostly conservative” and 33 p.c as “neither”.[143] A 2004 Pew Analysis Heart survey discovered FNC was cited (unprompted) by 69 p.c of nationwide journalists as a conservative information group.[144] A Rasmussen ballot discovered 31 p.c of People felt Fox News had a conservative bias, and 15 p.c that it had a liberal bias. It discovered 36 p.c believed Fox News delivers information with neither a conservative or liberal bias, in contrast with 37 p.c who mentioned NPR delivers information with no conservative or liberal bias and 32 p.c who mentioned the identical of CNN.[145]

David Carr, media critic for The New York Instances, praised the 2012 presidential election outcomes protection on Fox News for the community’s response to Republican adviser and Fox News contributor Karl Rove difficult its name that Barack Obama would win Ohio and the election. Fox’s prediction was right. Carr wrote:

Over many months, Fox lulled its conservative base with agitprop: that President Obama was a transparent failure, {that a} majority of People noticed [Mitt] Romney as an excellent different in exhausting occasions, and that polls exhibiting in any other case have been politically motivated and to not be believed. However on Tuesday evening, the folks answerable for Fox News have been confronted with a stark alternative after it grew to become clear that Mr. Romney had fallen brief: was Fox, at the beginning, a spot for advocacy or a spot for information? On this second, a minimum of, Fox selected information.[146]

A {May} 2017 research carried out by Harvard College’s Shorenstein Heart on Media, Politics and Public Coverage examined protection of Trump’s first 100 days in workplace by a number of main mainstream media shops together with Fox.[147] It discovered Trump obtained 80% adverse protection from the general media, and obtained the least adverse protection on Fox – 52% adverse and 48% optimistic.[148]

On March 14, 2017, Andrew Napolitano, a Fox News commentator, claimed on Fox & Associates that British intelligence company GCHQ had wiretapped Trump on behalf of Barack Obama in the course of the 2016 United States presidential election.[149][150] On March 16, 2017, White Home spokesman Sean Spicer repeated the declare.[149] When Trump was questioned in regards to the declare at a information convention, he mentioned “All we did was quote a certain very talented legal mind who was the one responsible for saying that on television. I didn’t make an opinion on it.”[151] On March 17, 2017, Shepard Smith, a Fox News anchor, admitted the community had no proof that Trump was beneath surveillance. British officers mentioned the White Home was backing off the declare.[151] Napolitano was later suspended by Fox News for making the declare.[152]

In June 2018, Fox News executives instructed producers to go off inappropriate remarks made on the exhibits aired by the community by hosts and commentators.[153] The directions got here after plenty of Fox News hosts and friends made incendiary feedback in regards to the Trump administration’s coverage of separating migrant youngsters from their mother and father.[153] Fox News host Laura Ingraham had likened the kid detention facilities that the youngsters have been in to “summer camps”. Visitor Corey Lewandowski mocked the story of a 10-year-old little one with Down syndrome being separated from her mom; the Fox News host didn’t handle Lewandowski’s assertion.[153] Visitor Ann Coulter falsely claimed that the separated youngsters have been “child actors”; the Fox News host didn’t problem her declare.[153] In a phase on Trump’s alleged use of racial canine whistles, one Fox News contributor instructed an African-American whom he was debating, “You’re out of your cotton-picking mind.”[153]

In keeping with the 2016 e book Uneven Politics by political scientists Matt Grossmann and David A. Hopkins, “Fox News tends to raise the profile of scandals and controversies involving Democrats that receive scant attention in other media, such as the relationship between Barack Obama and William Ayers … Hillary Clinton’s role in the fatal 2012 attacks on the American consulate in Benghazi, Libya; the gun-running scandal known as ‘Fast and Furious’; the business practices of federal loan guarantee recipient Solyndra; the past activism of Obama White House operative Van Jones; the 2004 attacks on John Kerry by the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth; the controversial sermons of Obama’s Chicago pastor Jeremiah Wright; the filming of undercover videos of supposed wrongdoing by the liberal activist group ACORN; and the ‘war on Christmas’ supposedly waged every December by secular, multicultural liberals.”[119]

In October 2018, Fox News ran laudatory protection of a gathering between Trump-supporting rapper Kanye West and President Trump within the Oval Workplace. Fox News had beforehand run adverse protection of rappers and their involvement with Democratic politicians and causes, equivalent to when Fox News ran headlines describing aware hip-hop artist Frequent as “vile” and a “cop-killer rapper”, and when Fox News ran adverse protection of Kanye West earlier than he grew to become a Trump supporter.[154]

On November 4, 2018, Trump’s web site, DonaldJTrump.com, introduced in a press launch that Fox News host Sean Hannity would make a “special guest appearance” with Trump at a midterm marketing campaign rally the next evening in Cape Girardeau, Missouri.[155] The next morning, Hannity tweeted “To be clear, I will not be on stage campaigning with the President.”[156] Hannity appeared on the president’s lectern on stage on the rally, instantly mocking the “fake news” behind the auditorium, Fox News reporters amongst them. A number of Fox News workers expressed outrage at Hannity’s actions, with one stating, “a new line was crossed.”[157] Hannity later asserted that his motion was not pre-planned, and Fox News acknowledged it “does not condone any talent participating in campaign events”.[158] Fox News host Jeanine Pirro additionally appeared on stage with Trump on the rally. The Trump press launch was later faraway from Trump’s web site.[155][159]

Fox News launched a ballot of registered voters, collectively carried out by two polling organizations, on June 16, 2019. The ballot discovered some unfavorable outcomes for Trump, together with a report excessive 50% thought the Trump marketing campaign had coordinated with the Russian authorities, and 50% thought he ought to be impeached – 43% saying he also needs to be faraway from workplace – whereas 48% mentioned they didn’t favor impeachment.[160][161] The following morning on Fox & Associates First, host Heather Childers twice misrepresented the ballot outcomes, stating “a new Fox News poll shows most voters don’t want impeachment” and “at least half of U.S. voters do not think President Trump should be impeached,” whereas the on-screen show of the particular ballot query was additionally incorrect. Later that morning on America’s Newsroom, the on-screen show confirmed the right ballot query and outcomes, however highlighted the 48% of respondents who opposed impeachment fairly than the 50% who supported it (the latter being broken-out into two figures). As host Invoice Hemmer drew visitor Byron York’s consideration to the 48% opposed determine, they didn’t focus on the 50% assist determine, whereas the on-screen chyron learn, “Fox News Poll: 43% Support Trump’s Impeachment and Removal, 48% Oppose.”[162] Later that day, Trump tweeted “@FoxNews Polls are always bad for me…Something weird going on at Fox.”[163]

In April 2017, it grew to become recognized that former Obama administration nationwide safety advisor Susan Rice sought the unmasking of Trump associates who have been unidentified in intelligence experiences, notably Trump’s incoming nationwide safety advisor Michael Flynn, in the course of the presidential transition.[164] In {May} 2020, performing Director of Nationwide Intelligence Richard Grenell, a Trump loyalist, declassified an inventory of Obama administration officers who had additionally requested unmasking of Trump associates, which was subsequently publicly launched by Republican senators.[165] That month, lawyer basic Invoice Barr appointed federal prosecutor John Bash to look at the unmaskings.[166] Fox News primetime hosts declared the unmaskings a “domestic spying operation” for which the Obama administration was “exposed” within the “biggest abuse of power” in American historical past.[167] The Bash inquiry closed months later with no findings of substantive wrongdoing.[168]

Nevertheless, sure Fox personalities haven’t had as a lot of a good reception from Trump: information anchors Shepard Smith (who retired from Fox in 2019) and Chris Wallace have been criticised by Trump for allegedly being adversarial,[169][170] alongside Fox analyst Andrew Napolitano, who mentioned Trump’s actions within the Trump–Ukraine scandal have been “both criminal and impeachable behavior”.[171] Trump was additionally important of the community hiring former DNC chair Donna Brazile, in 2019.[172] The connection between Trump and Fox News – and different Rupert Murdoch-controlled shops – soured following the 2020 U.S. presidential election as Trump refused to concede that Joe Biden had been elected President-elect.[173][174] This adverse tonal shift led to elevated viewership of Newsmax and One America News amongst Trump and his supporters on account of their elevated antipathy in the direction of Fox;[175][176][177][178] and because of this, Fox launched promotional movies of their opinion hosts disputing the election outcomes, selling a Trump-affiliated conspiracy principle about voter fraud.[179] By one measure, Newsmax noticed a 497% spike in viewership, whereas Fox News noticed a 38% decline.[180]

Writing for the Poynter Institute for Media Research in February 2021, senior media author Tom Jones argued that the first distinction between Fox News and MSNBC just isn’t proper bias vs. left bias, however fairly that a lot of the content material on Fox News, particularly throughout its primetime applications, just isn’t based mostly in fact.[181] The Poynter Institute operates the PolitiFact factchecking web site.[182]

The Tampa Bay Instances reported in August 2021 that it had reviewed 4 months of emails indicating Fox News producers had coordinated with aides of Florida governor Ron DeSantis to advertise his political prospects by inviting him for frequent community appearances, exchanging speaking factors and, in a single case, serving to him to stage an unique information occasion.[183]

Protection of Russia investigation

On October 30, 2017, when particular counsel Robert Mueller indicted Paul Manafort and Rick Gates, and revealed George Papadopoulos had plead responsible (all of whom have been concerned within the Trump 2016 marketing campaign), this was the main focus of most media’s protection, besides Fox News’.[184] Hosts and friends on Fox News known as for Mueller to be fired.[184][185] Sean Hannity and Tucker Carlson centered their exhibits on unsubstantiated allegations that Clinton bought uranium to Russia in trade for donations to the Clinton Basis and on the Clinton marketing campaign’s function in funding the Donald Trump–Russia file.[184][186] Hannity asserted: “The very thing they are accusing President Trump of doing, they did it themselves.”[184] In the course of the phase, Hannity mistakenly referred to Clinton as President Clinton.[184][187] Fox News devoted in depth protection to the uranium story, which Democrats mentioned was an try to distract from Mueller’s intensifying investigation.[188][189] CNN described the protection as “a tour de force in deflection and dismissal”.[186] On October 31, CNN reported Fox News workers have been dissatisfied with their outlet’s protection of the Russia investigation, with workers calling it an “embarrassment”, “laughable” and saying it “does the viewer a huge disservice and further divides the country” and that it’s “another blow to journalists at Fox who come in every day wanting to cover the news in a fair and objective way”.[190][191]

When the investigation by particular counsel Robert Mueller into Russian interference within the 2016 presidential election intensified in October 2017, the main focus of Fox News protection turned “what they see as the scandal and wrongdoing of President Trump’s political opponents. In reports like these, Bill and Hillary Clinton are prominent and recurring characters because they are considered the real conspirators working with the Russians to undermine American democracy.”[192] Paul Waldman of the Washington Publish described the protection as “No puppet. You’re the puppet”, saying it was a “careful, coordinated, and comprehensive strategy” to distract from Mueller’s investigation.[193] German Lopes of Vox mentioned Fox News’ protection has reached “levels of self-parody” because it devoted protection to low-key tales, equivalent to a controversial Newsweek op-ed and hamburger emojis, whereas different networks had wall-to-wall protection of Mueller’s indictments.[194]

A FiveThirtyEight evaluation of Russia-related media protection in cable information discovered most mentions of Russia on Fox News have been spoken in shut proximity to “uranium” and “dossier”.[195] On November 1, 2017, Vox analyzed the transcripts of Fox News, CNN and MSNBC, and located Fox News “was unable to talk about the Mueller investigation without bringing up Hillary Clinton”, “talked significantly less about George Papadopoulos — the Trump campaign adviser whose plea deal with Mueller provides the most explicit evidence thus far that the campaign knew of the Russian government’s efforts to help Trump — than its competitors”, and “repeatedly called Mueller’s credibility into question”.[196]

In December 2017, Fox News escalated its assaults on the Mueller investigation, with hosts and visitor commentators suggesting the investigation amounted to a coup.[197][198][199][200][201] Visitor co-host Kevin Jackson referred to a right-wing conspiracy principle claiming Strzok’s messages are proof of a plot by FBI brokers to assassinate Trump, a declare which the opposite Fox co-hosts shortly mentioned just isn’t supported by any credible proof.[202][203] Fox News host Jeanine Pirro known as the Mueller investigation crew a “criminal cabal” and mentioned the crew should be arrested.[197] Different Fox News figures referred to the investigation as “corrupt”, “crooked” and “illegitimate”, and likened the FBI to the KGB, the Soviet-era spy group that routinely tortured and summarily executed folks.[198] Political scientists and students of coups described the Fox News rhetoric as scary and harmful.[198] Consultants on coups rejected that the Mueller investigation amounted to a coup; fairly, the Fox News rhetoric was harmful to democracy and mirrored the sort of rhetoric that happens earlier than purges.[198] Quite a lot of observers argued the Fox News rhetoric was meant to discredit the Mueller investigation and sway President Donald Trump to fireside Mueller.[204]

In August 2018, Fox News was criticized for giving extra outstanding protection of a homicide dedicated by an undocumented immigrant than the convictions of Donald Trump’s former marketing campaign supervisor, Paul Manafort, and his long-term private lawyer, Michael Cohen.[205] On the similar time, most different nationwide mainstream media gave wall-to-wall protection of the convictions.[206] Fox News hosts Dana Perrino and Jason Chaffetz argued that voters care way more in regards to the homicide than the convictions of the President’s former high aides, and hosts Tucker Carlson and Sean Hannity downplayed the convictions.[207][205][208]

False claims about different media

CNN’s Jake Tapper

In November 2017, following the 2017 New York Metropolis truck assault whereby a terrorist shouted “Allahu Akbar”, Fox News distorted a press release by Jake Tapper to make it seem as if he had mentioned “Allahu Akbar” can be utilized beneath probably the most “beautiful circumstances”.[209] Fox News omitted that Tapper had mentioned the usage of “Allahu Akbar” within the terrorist assault was not one in every of these lovely circumstances.[209] A headline on FoxNews.com was preceded by a tag studying “OUTRAGEOUS”.[209] The Fox News Twitter account distorted the assertion much more, saying “Jake Tapper Says ‘Allahu Akbar’ Is ‘Beautiful’ Right After NYC Terror Attack” in a tweet that was later deleted.[209] Tapper chastised Fox News for selecting to “deliberately lie” and mentioned “there was a time when one could tell the difference between Fox and the nutjobs at Infowars. It’s getting tougher and tougher. Lies are lies.”[209] Tapper had in 2009, whereas a White Home correspondent for ABC News, come to the protection of Fox News when the Obama administration claimed that the community was not a reputable information group.[210]

Fox News visitor host Jason Chaffetz apologized to Tapper for misrepresenting his assertion.[211] After Fox News had deleted the tweet, Sean Hannity repeated the misrepresentation and known as Tapper “liberal fake news CNN’s fake Jake Tapper” and mocked his rankings.[210][211]

The New York Instances

In July 2017, a report by Fox & Associates falsely mentioned The New York Instances had disclosed intelligence in one in every of its tales and that this intelligence disclosure helped Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the chief of the Islamic State, to evade seize.[212] The report cited an inaccurate assertion by Gen. Tony Thomas, the pinnacle of the USA Particular Operations Command, {that a} main newspaper had disclosed the intelligence.[212][213] Fox News mentioned it was The New York Instances, repeatedly working the chyron “NYT Foils U.S. Attempt To Take Out Al-Bahgdadi”.[213] Pete Hegseth, one of many present’s hosts, criticized the “failing New York Times“.[213] President Donald Trump tweeted in regards to the Fox & Associates report shortly after it first aired, saying “The Failing New York Times foiled U.S. attempt to kill the single most wanted terrorist, Al-Baghdadi. Their sick agenda over National Security.”[212] Fox News later up to date the story, however with out apologizing to the New York Instances or responding on to the inaccuracies.[213]

In a Washington Publish column, Erik Wemple mentioned Chris Wallace had coated The New York Instances story himself on Fox News Sunday. “Here’s another case of the differing standards between Fox News’s opinion operation”, which has given “a state-run vibe on all matters related to Trump”, in comparison with Fox News’s information operation, which has supplied “mostly sane coverage”.[214]

Local weather change

Fox News has typically been described as a significant platform for local weather change denial.[215][216][217][218] In keeping with the fact-checking web site Local weather Suggestions, Fox News is a part of “a network of unreliable outlets for climate news.”[216] A 2011 research by Lauren Feldman and Anthony Leiserowitz discovered Fox News “takes a more dismissive tone toward climate change than CNN and MSNBC”.[219] A 2008 research discovered Fox News emphasised the scientific uncertainty of local weather change greater than CNN, was much less prone to say local weather change was actual, and extra prone to interview local weather change skeptics.[219] Leaked emails confirmed that in 2009 Invoice Sammon, the Fox News Washington managing editor, instructed Fox News journalists to dispute the scientific consensus on local weather change: “refrain from asserting that the planet has warmed (or cooled) in any given period without IMMEDIATELY pointing out that such theories are based upon data that critics have called into question.”[220]

In keeping with local weather scientist Michael E. Mann, Fox News “has constructed an alternative universe where the laws of physics no longer apply, where the greenhouse effect is a myth, and where climate change is a hoax, the product of a massive conspiracy among scientists, who somehow have gotten the polar bears, glaciers, sea levels, superstorms, and megadroughts to play along.”[217] In keeping with James Lawrence Powell’s 2011 research of the local weather science denial motion, Fox News supplies “the deniers with a platform to say whatever they like without fear of contradiction.”[218] Fox News employs Steve Milloy, a outstanding local weather change denier with shut monetary and organizational ties to grease firms, as a contributor. In his columns about local weather change for FoxNews.com, Fox News has didn’t disclose his substantial funding from oil firms.[221]

In 2011, the hosts of Fox & Associates described local weather change as “unproven science”, a “disputed fact”, and criticized the Division of Schooling for working along with the youngsters’s community Nickelodeon to show youngsters about local weather change.[222] In 2001, Sean Hannity described the scientific consensus on local weather change as “phony science from the left”.[223] In 2004, he falsely alleged, “scientists still can’t agree on whether the global warming is scientific fact or fiction”.[223] In 2010, Hannity mentioned the so-called “Climategate” – the leaking of e-mails by local weather scientist that local weather change skeptics claimed demonstrated scientific misconduct however which all subsequent enquiries have discovered no proof of misconduct or wrongdoing – a “scandal” that “exposed global warming as a myth cooked up by alarmists”.[224] Hannity incessantly invitations contrarian fringe scientists and critics of local weather change to his exhibits.[225] In 2019, a broadly shared Fox News information report falsely claimed that new local weather science analysis confirmed that the Earth is perhaps heading to a brand new Ice Age; the writer of the research that Fox News cited mentioned that Fox News “utterly misrepresents our research” and the research didn’t in any method recommend that Earth was heading to an Ice Age. Fox News later corrected the story.[226]

Shepard Smith has drawn consideration for being one in every of few voices on Fox News to forcefully state that local weather change is actual, that human actions are a main contributor to it and that there’s a scientific consensus on the problem.[227][228] His acceptance of the scientific consensus on local weather change has drawn criticism from Fox News viewers and conservatives.[229][230]

Homicide of Seth Wealthy conspiracy

On {May} 16, 2017, a day when different information organizations have been extensively overlaying Donald Trump’s revelation of categorised data to Russia,[231] Fox News ran a lead story a couple of non-public investigator’s uncorroborated claims in regards to the homicide of Seth Wealthy, a DNC staffer.[232][233][234] The non-public investigator mentioned he had uncovered proof that Wealthy was in touch with Wikileaks and legislation enforcement have been overlaying it up.[232] The killing of Wealthy has given rise to conspiracy theories in rightwing circles that Hillary Clinton and the Democratic Occasion had Seth Wealthy killed allegedly as a result of he was the supply of the DNC leaks.[232] U.S. intelligence businesses decided Russia was the supply of the leaks.[235] In reporting the investigator’s claims, the Fox News report reignited right-wing conspiracy theories in regards to the killing.[232][234]

The Fox News story fell aside inside hours.[236] Different information organizations shortly revealed the investigator was a Donald Trump supporter and had in line with NBC News “developed a reputation for making outlandish claims, such as one appearance on Fox News in 2007 in which he warned that underground networks of pink pistol-toting lesbian gangs were raping young women.”[232][237] The household of Seth Wealthy, the Washington D.C. police division, the Washington D.C. mayor’s workplace, the FBI, and legislation enforcement sources aware of the case rebuked the investigator’s claims.[232][233] Wealthy’s kin mentioned: “We are a family who is committed to facts, not fake evidence that surfaces every few months to fill the void and distract law enforcement and the general public from finding Seth’s murderers.”[232] The spokesperson for the household criticized Fox News for its reporting, alleging the outlet was motivated by a need to deflect consideration from the Trump-Russia story: “I think there’s a very special place in hell for people that would use the memory of a murder victim in order to pursue a political agenda.”[231] The household has known as for retractions and apologies from Fox News for the wrong reporting.[237][238] Over the course of the day, Fox News altered the contents of the story and the headline, however didn’t problem corrections.[237][239] When CNN contacted the non-public investigator later that day, the investigator mentioned he had no proof that Wealthy had contacted Wikileaks.[234] The investigator claimed he solely discovered in regards to the doable existence of the proof from a Fox News reporter.[234] Fox News didn’t reply to inquiries by CNN, and the Washington Publish.[233][234] Fox News in a while {May} 23, seven days after the story was revealed, retracted its authentic report, saying the unique report didn’t meet its requirements.[236][240]

Nicole Hemmer, then assistant professor on the Miller Heart of Public Affairs, wrote that the promotion of the conspiracy principle demonstrated how Fox News was “remaking itself in the image of fringe media in the age of Trump, blurring the lines between real and fake news.”[241] Max Boot of the Council on International Relations mentioned whereas intent behind Fox News, as a counterweight to the liberal media was laudable, the fruits of these efforts have been to create another information supply that promotes hoaxes and myths, of which the promotion of the Seth Wealthy conspiracy is an instance.[242] Fox News was additionally criticized by conservative shops, equivalent to The Weekly Commonplace,[243] Nationwide Assessment,[244][245] and conservative columnists, equivalent to Jennifer Rubin,[246] Michael Gerson,[247] and John Podhoretz.[248]

Wealthy’s mother and father, Joel and Mary Wealthy, sued Fox News for the emotional misery it had precipitated them by its false reporting. In 2020, Fox News settled with Wealthy household, making a cost that was not formally disclosed however which was reported to be within the seven figures.[249] Though the settlement had been agreed to earlier within the 12 months, Fox News organized to delay the general public announcement till after the 2020 presidential election.[249][250]

Unite the Proper rally in Charlottesville

Fox News hosts and contributors defended Trump’s remarks that “many sides” have been guilty for violence at a gathering of a whole lot of white nationalists in Charlottesville, Virginia.[251][252] Some criticized Trump.[252][253] In a press convention on August 15, Trump used the time period “alt-left” to explain counterprotesters on the white supremacist rally, a time period which had been utilized in Fox News’ protection of the white supremacist rally.[251] A number of of Trump’s feedback on the press convention mirrored these showing earlier on Fox News.[254]

In keeping with Dylan Byers of CNN, Fox News’ protection on the day of the press convention “was heavy with “whataboutism”. The average Fox viewer was likely left with the impression that the media’s criticism of Trump and leftist protestors’ toppling of some Confederate statues were far greater threats to America than white supremacism or the president’s apparent defense of bigotry.”[253] Byers wrote, “it showed that if Fox News has a line when it comes to Trump’s presidency, it was not crossed on Tuesday.”[253]

Throughout Glenn Beck’s tenure at Fox News, he grew to become one of the crucial high-profile proponents of conspiracy theories about George Soros, a Jewish Hungarian-American businessman and philanthropist recognized for his donations to American liberal political causes.[255] Beck often described Soros as a “puppet-master” and used frequent anti-Semitic tropes to explain Soros and his actions.[255] In a 2010 three-part sequence, Beck depicted George Soros as a cartoonish villain attempting to “form a shadow government, using humanitarian aid as a cover,” and that Soros wished a one-world authorities.[256][257] Beck promoted the false and anti-Semitic conspiracy principle that Soros was a Nazi collaborator as a 14-year-old in Nazi-occupied Hungary.[258] Beck additionally characterised Soros’s mom as a “wildly anti-Semitic” Nazi collaborator.[256] In keeping with The Washington Publish: “Beck’s series was largely considered obscene and delusional, if not outright anti-Semitic”, however Beck’s conspiracy principle grew to become frequent on the rightwing of American politics.[256] Amid criticism of Beck’s false smears, Fox News defended Beck, stating “information regarding Mr. Soros’s experiences growing up were taken directly from his writings and from interviews given by him to the media, and no negative opinion was offered as to his actions as a child.”[257][259] Roger Ailes, then-head of Fox News, dismissed criticism levied at Beck by a whole lot of rabbis, saying that they have been “left-wing rabbis who basically don’t think that anybody can ever use the word, Holocaust, on the air.”[260]

COVID-19 pandemic

In the course of the first few weeks of the COVID-19 pandemic in the USA, Fox News was significantly extra seemingly than different mainstream information shops to advertise misinformation about coronavirus.[261] The community promoted the narrative that the emergency response to the pandemic was politically motivated or in any other case unwarranted,[262] with Sean Hannity explicitly calling it a “hoax” (he later denied doing so) and different hosts downplaying it.[263] This protection was in step with the messaging of Trump on the time.[264] Solely in mid March did the community change the tone of its protection,[265] after President Trump declared a nationwide emergency.[264]

Sean Hannity and Laura Ingraham, two of Fox News’s primetime hosts, promoted use of the drug hydroxychloroquine for the remedy of COVID-19, an off-label utilization which on the time was supported solely by anecdotal proof, after it was touted by Trump as a doable treatment.[266] On account of this continued skewed reporting, Washington Publish media critic Erik Wemple has known as Hannity to be fired.[267] Fox News promoted a conspiracy principle that coronavirus demise toll numbers have been inflated with individuals who would have died anyway from preexisting situations. This was refuted by White Home coronavirus process drive members Dr. Anthony Fauci and Dr. Deborah Birx, with Fauci describing conspiracy theories as “nothing but distractions” throughout public well being crises.[268] Later within the pandemic, Hannity, Ingraham and Carlson promoted the usage of livestock dewormer ivermectin as a doable COVID-19 remedy.[269]

In “Coronavirus: How Fox News and other right-wing media endanger our health”, a USA Immediately article, the writer cited for instance, a Fox News interview with Arkansas Senator Tom Cotton who raised the “escaped virus conspiracy theory” by saying the coronavirus {may} have began in a “biosafety level 4 super laboratory” in Wuhan, China. The article mentioned that Cotton had talked about the “debunked theory” on “at least two other times on Fox.”[270][271] A number of weeks later Washington Publish columnist Josh Rogin detailed a 2018 journey made to the Wuhan Institute of Virology by scientists from the U.S. Embassy. Rogin cited cables despatched again to Washington, warning “about safety and management weaknesses at the WIV lab and that the lab’s work on bat coronaviruses and their potential human transmission represented a risk of a new SARS-like pandemic.”[272] Rogin’s article quoted Xiao Qiang, a analysis scientist on the College of California, Berkeley, “I don’t think it’s a conspiracy theory. I think it’s a legitimate question that needs to be investigated and answered.”[272] Days later, a number of media shops confirmed that U.S. intelligence officers have been investigating the chance that the virus began in the identical lab Cotton cited in the course of the Fox News interview.[273][274][275][276]

On the similar time that Fox News commentators downplayed the specter of the virus in public, Fox’s administration and the Murdoch household took a broad vary of inside measures to guard themselves and their workers towards it.[277][278][279][280][281] In keeping with a research revealed at BMJ International Well being, “people who trust Fox News more than CNN engaged in fewer preventive behaviours and more risky behaviours related to COVID-19.”[282]

2020 election fraud allegations

After Trump’s defeat within the 2020 presidential election, Fox News host Jeanine Pirro promoted baseless allegations on her program that voting machine firm Smartmatic and its competitor Dominion Voting Programs had conspired to rig the election towards Trump. Hosts Lou Dobbs and Maria Bartiromo additionally promoted the allegations on their applications on sister community Fox Enterprise.

In December 2020, Smartmatic despatched a letter[283] to Fox News demanding retractions and threatening authorized motion, specifying that retractions “must be published on multiple occasions” in order to “match the attention and audience targeted with the original defamatory publications.” Days later, every of the three applications aired the identical three-minute video phase consisting of an interview with an election expertise professional who refuted the allegations promoted by the hosts, responding to questions from an unseen and unidentified man. Not one of the three hosts personally issued retractions. Smartmatic filed a $2.7 billion defamation go well with towards the community, the three hosts, Powell and Trump lawyer Rudy Giuliani in February 2021.[284] In an April 2021 courtroom transient searching for dismissal of the go well with, Fox lawyer Paul Clement argued that the community was merely “reporting allegations made by a sitting President and his lawyers.”[285]

In December 2020, Dominion Voting Programs despatched an analogous letter demanding retractions to Trump lawyer Sidney Powell, who had promoted the allegations on Fox applications.[286] On March 26, 2021, Dominion filed a $1.6 billion defamation lawsuit towards Fox News, alleging that Fox and a few of its pundits unfold conspiracy theories about Dominion, and allowed friends to make false statements in regards to the firm.[287] On {May} 18, 2021, Fox News filed a movement to dismiss the Dominion Voting Programs lawsuit, asserting a First Modification proper “to inform the public about newsworthy allegations of paramount public concern.”[288]

Obligatory reductions in meat consumption

In April 2021, a minimum of 5 Fox News and Fox Enterprise personalities amplified a narrative revealed by the Each day Mail, a British tabloid, that incorrectly linked a college research to President Joe Biden’s local weather change agenda, to falsely assert that People can be compelled to dramatically cut back their meat consumption to mitigate greenhouse gasoline emissions brought on by flatulence. Fox News aired a graphic detailing the supposed obligatory reductions, falsely indicating the knowledge got here from the Agriculture Division, which quite a few Republican politicians and commentators tweeted. Fox News anchor John Roberts reported, “say goodbye to your burgers if you want to sign up to the Biden climate agenda.” Days later, Roberts acknowledged on air that the story was false.[289][290][291][292]

Report that Biden administration was constructing Trump wall

In keeping with evaluation by Media Issues, on {May} 12, 2021, Fox News reported on its web site, “Border lie — Biden resumes border wall construction after promising to halt it.” Correspondent Invoice Melugin then appeared on Particular Report with Bret Baier to report “the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers is actually going to be restarting border wall construction down in the Rio Grande Valley” after “a lot of blowback and pressure from local residents and local politicians.” After the Corps of Engineers tweeted a clarification, Melugin deleted a tweet in regards to the story and tweeted an “update” clarifying {that a} levee wall was being constructed to mitigate injury to flood management techniques brought on by uncompleted wall development, and the web site story headline was modified to “Biden administration to resume border wall levee construction as crisis worsens.” Afterward Fox News Primetime, host Brian Kilmeade briefly famous the levee however commented to former Trump advisor Stephen Miller, “They’re going to restart building the wall again, Stephen.” Fox News host Sean Hannity later broadcast the unique Melugin story with none point out of the levee.[293][294]

Controversies

Sexual harassment

The community has been accused of allowing sexual harassment and racial discrimination by on-air hosts, executives, and workers, paying out tens of millions of {dollars} in authorized settlements.[295] Distinguished Fox News figures equivalent to Roger Ailes, Invoice O’Reilly and Eric Bolling have been fired after many ladies accused them of sexual harassment. No less than 4 lawsuits alleged Fox News co-president Invoice Shine ignored, enabled or hid Roger Ailes’ alleged sexual harassment.[296][297][298] Fox News CEO Rupert Murdoch has dismissed the high-profile sexual misconduct allegations as “largely political” and speculated they have been made “because we are conservative”.[299]

Invoice O’Reilly and Fox News settled six agreements, totaling $45 million, with ladies who accused O’Reilly of sexual harassment.[300][301] In January 2017, shortly after Invoice O’Reilly settled a sexual harassment lawsuit for $32 million (“an extraordinarily large amount for such cases”), Fox News renewed Invoice O’Reilly’s contract.[300] Fox News’s dad or mum firm, twenty first Century Fox, mentioned it was conscious of the lawsuit.[300] The contract between O’Reilly and Fox News learn he couldn’t be fired from the community until sexual harassment allegations have been confirmed in courtroom.[302]

Fox News’s in depth protection of the Harvey Weinstein scandal in October 2017 was seen by some as hypocritical.[303][304] Fox News devoted a minimum of 12 hours of protection to the Weinstein scandal, but solely devoted 20 minutes to Invoice O’Reilly, who identical to Weinstein had been accused of sexual harassment by a mess of ladies.[303][304] A couple of weeks later, when plenty of ladies beneath the age of 18, together with a 14-year-old, accused Alabama Senate candidate Roy Moore of creating sexual advances, Hannity dismissed the sexual misconduct allegations and devoted protection on his TV present to casting doubt on the accusers.[305][306] Different prime-time Fox News hosts Tucker Carlson and Laura Ingraham queried The Washington Publishs reporting or opted to deliver up sexual misconduct allegations concerning present enterprise figures equivalent to Harvey Weinstein and Louis C.Okay.[127] Fox News figures Jeanine Pirro and Gregg Jarrett questioned each the validity of The Washington Publish‘s reporting and that of the ladies.[307] In December 2017, a number of days earlier than the Alabama Senate election, Fox News, together with the conspiracy web sites Breitbart and Gateway Pundit, ran an inaccurate headline which claimed one in every of Roy Moore’s accusers admitted to forging an inscription by Roy Moore in her yearbook; Fox News later added a correction to the story.[308]

Quite a lot of Fox News hosts have welcomed Invoice O’Reilly to their exhibits and paid tributes to Roger Ailes after his demise. In {May} 2017, Hannity known as Ailes “a second father” and mentioned to Ailes’s “enemies” that he was “preparing to kick your a** in the next life”.[309] Ailes had the 12 months earlier than been fired from Fox News after ladies alleged he sexually harassed them.[309] In September 2017, a number of months after Invoice O’Reilly was fired from Fox News within the wake of ladies alleging he sexually harassed them, Hannity hosted O’Reilly on his present.[310][311][312] Some Fox News workers criticized the choice.[311] In keeping with CNN, in the course of the interview, Hannity discovered kinship with O’Reilly as he appeared “to feel that he and O’Reilly have both become victims of liberals looking to silence them.”[311]

Obama administration battle

In September 2009, the Obama administration engaged in a verbal battle with Fox News Channel. On September 20, President Barack Obama appeared on all main information applications besides Fox News, a snub partially in response to remarks about him by commentators Glenn Beck and Sean Hannity and Fox protection of Obama’s health-care proposal.[313][314]

In late September 2009, Obama’s senior advisor David Axelrod and Roger Ailes met in secret to aim to easy out tensions between the 2 camps. Two weeks later, White Home chief of workers Rahm Emanuel referred to FNC as “not a news network” and communications director Anita Dunn mentioned “Fox News often operates as either the research arm or the communications arm of the Republican Party”.[315][316] Obama noticed, “If media is operating basically as a talk radio format, then that’s one thing, and if it’s operating as a news outlet, then that’s another”.[317] Emanuel mentioned it was essential “to not have the CNNs and the others in the world basically be led in following Fox”.[318]

Inside days, it was reported that Fox had been excluded from an interview with administration official Ken Feinberg, with bureau chiefs from the White Home press pool (ABC, CBS, NBC, and CNN) coming to Fox’s protection.[316] A bureau chief mentioned, “If any member had been excluded it would have been the same thing, it has nothing to do with Fox or the White House or the substance of the issues”.[319] Shortly after the story broke, the White Home admitted to a low-level mistake, saying Fox had not made a particular request to interview Feinberg. Fox White Home correspondent Main Garrett mentioned he had not made a particular request, however had a “standing request from me as senior White House correspondent on Fox to interview any newsmaker at the Treasury at any given time news is being made”.[320]

On November 8, 2009, the Los Angeles Instances reported an unnamed Democratic advisor was warned by the White Home to not seem on Fox News once more. In keeping with the article, Dunn claimed in an e-mail to have checked with colleagues who “deal with TV issues” who denied telling anybody to keep away from Fox. Patrick Caddell, a Fox News contributor and former pollster for President Jimmy Carter, mentioned he had spoken with different Democratic consultants who had obtained related warnings from the White Home.[321]

On October 2, 2013, Fox News host Anna Kooiman cited on the air a pretend story from the Nationwide Report parody web site, which claimed Obama had provided to maintain the Worldwide Museum of Muslim Cultures open with money from his personal pocket.[322][323][324]

Journalistic moral requirements

Fox News attracted controversy in April 2018 when it was revealed primetime host Sean Hannity had defended Trump’s then private lawyer Michael Cohen on air with out disclosing Cohen was Hannity’s lawyer.[325] On April 9, 2018, federal brokers from the U.S. Legal professional’s workplace served a search warrant on Cohen’s workplace and residence.[326] On the air, Hannity defended Cohen and criticized the federal motion, calling it “highly questionable” and “an unprecedented abuse of power”.[327] On April 16, 2018, in a courtroom listening to, Cohen’s legal professionals instructed the decide that Cohen had ten purchasers in 2017–2018 however did “traditional legal tasks” for less than three: Trump, Elliott Broidy, and a “prominent person” who didn’t want to be named for concern of being “embarrassed”.[328][329][330] The federal decide ordered the revelation of the third consumer, whom Cohen’s legal professionals named as Hannity.[328]

Hannity was not sanctioned by Fox News for this breach of journalistic ethics, with Fox News releasing a press release that the channel was unaware of Hannity’s relationship to Cohen and that it had “spoken to Sean and he continues to have our full support.”[325][331][332][333] Media ethics consultants mentioned that Hannity’s disclosure failure was a significant breach of journalistic ethics and that the community ought to have suspended or fired him for it.[333]

Human rights violations

In mid-2021, Fox News agreed to pay a $1 million settlement to New York Metropolis after its Fee on Human Rights cited “a pattern of violating the NYC Human Rights Law”. A Fox News spokesperson claimed that “FOX News Media has already been in full compliance across the board, but [settled] to continue enacting extensive preventive measures against all forms of discrimination and harassment.”[334]

Worldwide transmission

World map, with countries carrying terrestrial FNC in red and satellite providers in orange

Nations the place Fox News is supplied

The Fox News Channel feed is has worldwide availability through a number of suppliers, whereas Fox Further segments present alternate programming.[335] Fox News is carried in additional than 40 nations.

Australia

In Australia, FNC is broadcast on the dominant pay tv supplier Foxtel, which is 65% owned by News Corp Australia, the Australian arm of News Corp and the sister firm of FNC-owner Fox Company. Native cable information channel Sky News Australia is wholly owned by News Corp Australia[336] and is due to this fact FNC’s de facto sister channel, though has formal partnerships with FNC competitor CNN in addition to each ABC News and CBS News.[337]

Brazil

Since 2002, FNC has been broadcast to Brazil; nonetheless, commercials are changed with Fox Further. It’s out there in packages of Vivo TV.

Canada

Fox had initially deliberate to launch a three way partnership with Canwest’s International Tv Community, tentatively named Fox News Canada, which might have featured a mix of U.S. and Canadian information programming. Consequently, the CRTC denied a 2003 utility requesting permission for Fox News Channel to be carried in Canada. Nevertheless, in March 2004, a Fox govt mentioned the enterprise had been shelved; in November of that 12 months, the CRTC added Fox News to its whitelist of overseas channels that could be carried by tv suppliers.[338]

France

Fox News is accessible on cable by way of French Web supplier Free on channel 352. As of Spring 2017, the channel was not discovered on the supplier Orange’s lineup.[citation needed]

India

It’s out there by way of streaming service Disney+ Hotstar (previously owned by FNC dad or mum firm twenty first Century Fox).

Indonesia

In Indonesia, It’s out there in Channel 397 in pay TV supplier First Media.

Eire

See: United Kingdom & Eire.

Israel

In Israel, FNC is broadcast on Channel 105 of the satellite tv for pc supplier Sure, in addition to being carried on Cellcom TV and Companion TV.[339] Additionally it is broadcast on channel 200 on cable operator HOT.[340]

Italy

In Italy, FNC is broadcast on SKY Italia. Fox information was launched on Stream TV in 2001, and moved to SKY Italia in 2003.

Japan

Though service to Japan ceased in summer time 2003, it may nonetheless be seen on Americable (distributor for American bases),[341] Mediatti (Kadena Air Base)[342] and Pan International TV Japan.[343]

Mexico

The channel’s worldwide feed is being carried by cable supplier Izzi Telecom.

Netherlands

Within the Netherlands, Fox News has been carried by cable suppliers UPC Nederland and CASEMA, and satellite tv for pc supplier Canaldigitaal; all have dropped the channel lately. Right now, solely cable supplier Caiway (out there in a restricted variety of cities within the central a part of the nation) is broadcasting the channel. The channel was additionally carried by IPTV supplier KNIPPR (owned by T-Cell).

New Zealand

In New Zealand, FNC is broadcast on Channel 088 of pay satellite tv for pc operator SKY Community Tv’s digital platform. It was previously broadcast in a single day on free-to-air UHF New Zealand TV channel Prime (owned by SKY); this was discontinued in January 2010, reportedly on account of an expiring broadcasting license.[344] Fox News’ former dad or mum firm News Company had a stake in each SKY and Prime till 2014.

Pakistan

In Pakistan, Fox News Channel is accessible on PTCL Sensible TV and plenty of cable and IPTV operators.

Philippines

Within the Philippines, Fox News Channel is accessible on Sky Cable Channels 138 (Metro Manila) and 510 (Regional),Cablelink Channel 224 (Metro Manila) and G Sat Channel 50. It was out there on Cignal Channel 131 till January 1, 2021, on account of contract expiration.

Scandinavia

Between 2003 and 2006, in Sweden and the opposite Scandinavian nations, FNC was broadcast 16 hours a day on TV8 (with Fox News Further segments changing U.S. promoting). Fox News was dropped by TV8 and changed by German information channel Deutsche Welle in September 2006.

Singapore

In Singapore, FNC is broadcast on channel 702 on pay cable operator StarHub TV digital platform. It additionally broadcasts its sister channel, Sky News.

South Africa

In South Africa, FNC is broadcast on StarSat.[345]

The preferred pay tv operator, DStv, doesn’t provide FNC in its channel bouquet.[346]

United Kingdom and Eire

FNC was carried in the UK by Sky, which was 40-percent owned by twenty first Century Fox on the time, and operates its personal home information channel Sky News. On August 29, 2017, Sky dropped Fox News; the broadcaster mentioned its carriage was not “commercially viable” on account of common viewership of fewer than 2,000 viewers per day. The corporate mentioned the choice was unrelated to twenty first Century Fox’s proposed acquisition of the rest of Sky plc (which finally led to a bidding struggle that resulted in its acquisition by Comcast as an alternative).[347]

The potential co-ownership had prompted issues from critics of the deal, who felt Sky News might equally endure a shift to an opinionated format with a right-wing viewpoint. Nevertheless, such a transfer would violate Ofcom broadcast codes, which requires all information programming to indicate due impartiality. The channel’s broadcasts within the nation have violated this rule on a number of events, whereas the channel additionally violated election silence guidelines by broadcasting evaluation of the 2016 Brexit referendum whereas polls have been nonetheless open (the channel was blacked out whereas polls have been open in the course of the 2017 basic election to adjust to the rule).[348][349][350][351]

Notable personalities

Program hosts

Correspondents and substitute anchors

Common friends and contributors

Former hosts and contributors

  • Jim Angle
  • Louis Aguirre (former morning host, now at WPLG in Miami)
  • Dari Alexander (now at WNYW in New York Metropolis)
  • Jennifer Ashton (now at ABC News)
  • Ellison Barber (now with NBC News)
  • Tiki Barber (now with CBS Sports activities Community)
  • Fred Barnes
  • Rudi Bakhtiar (now PR Director for the Public Affairs Alliance of Iranian People)
  • Glenn Beck (former afternoon host; now on TheBlaze)
  • Bob Beckel (terminated amid racist remarks)
  • Lisa Bernhard (leisure correspondent)
  • Tony Blankley (deceased)
  • Eric Bolling (terminated amid sexual harassment allegations)
  • John R. Bolton (left to develop into U.S. Nationwide Safety Advisor)
  • Dave Briggs (now at CNN)
  • Patti Ann Browne
  • Scott Brown
  • Eric Burns (not renewed)
  • Brenda Buttner (deceased)
  • Patrick Caddell (deceased)
  • Joseph A. Cafasso (stepped down over allegations he overrepresented his navy report)
  • Herman Cain (deceased)
  • Carl Cameron (retired in August 2017)
  • Alisyn Camerota (now at CNN)
  • Gretchen Carlson
  • Ben Carson (joined Trump cupboard)
  • Steve Centanni (retired in August 2014)
  • Heather Childers (terminated, now at Newsmax TV)
  • Liz Cheney (now in public service)
  • Kiran Chetry (later labored for CNN)
  • Wesley Clark (now at CNN)
  • Alan Colmes (deceased)
  • Rita Cosby (later labored at MSNBC)
  • Catherine Crier (now at TruTV)
  • Monica Crowley
  • S. E. Cupp (now at CNN)
  • Stacey Sprint (not renewed)
  • Lou Dobbs
  • Jill Dobson
  • Laurie Dhue (not renewed)
  • Matt Drudge
  • Darby Dunn (now at CNBC)
  • Erick Erickson (now at WSB Radio in Atlanta)
  • Donna Fiducia (not energetic in cable information trade, went into Georgia actual property)
  • Rick Folbaum (now at WGCL-TV)
  • Harold Ford, Jr. (now at MSNBC)
  • Melissa Francis (not renewed)
  • Courtney Friel (now at KTLA-TV)
  • Neal Gabler
  • Main Garrett (now at CBS News)
  • John Gibson
  • Alexis Glick (left Fox Enterprise in December 2009; now at CNN)
  • Wendell Goler (deceased)
  • Kimberly Guilfoyle
  • Jane Corridor
  • Mary Katharine Ham (now at CNN)[356]
  • Elisabeth Hasselbeck
  • Ed Henry (terminated amid sexual harassment allegations)
  • Catherine Herridge (now at CBS News)
  • E. D. Hill (now at CNN)
  • Marc Lamont Hill (now at BET and CNN)
  • Package Hoover (now at TLC)
  • Margaret Hoover (now at PBS and CNN)
  • Web page Hopkins (left community September 26, 2008; now at MSNBC)
  • Adam Housley
  • Juliet Huddy (now at WABC Radio)
  • Abby Huntsman (now on The View on ABC)
  • Carol Iovanna (now runs manufacturing firm)
  • Marvin Kalb (not renewed)
  • John Kasich (later served two phrases as Governor of Ohio from 2011 to 2019)
  • Terry Keenan (deceased)
  • Greg Kelly (now at Newsmax TV)
  • Megyn Kelly (moved to NBC News; left NBC in January 2019)
  • Mort Kondracke
  • Anna Kooiman (now at Community 10)
  • Charles Krauthammer (deceased)
  • Invoice Kristol
  • Jenna Lee
  • Rick Leventhal
  • Harvey Levin
  • Andy Levy (now at HLN)
  • Dana Lewis (now at WSAW-TV in Wausau)
  • G. Gordon Liddy
  • Rachel Marsden (contributor and Crimson Eye panelist; now lives in France)
  • Meghan McCain (now on The View on ABC)
  • Invoice McCuddy
  • Zell Miller
  • Maria Molina
  • Clayton Morris
  • Dick Morris (contributor, not renewed)
  • Heather Nauert (now Senior Fellow on the Hudson Institute)
  • Scottie Nell Hughes (terminated)
  • Joanne Nosuchinsky
  • Robert Novak (deceased)
  • Invoice O’Reilly (terminated amid sexual harassment allegations)
  • Barbara Olson (killed within the September 11 assaults in 2001)
  • Morgan Ortagus (now U.S. State Division Spokesperson)
  • Lt. Col. Ralph Peters
  • Uma Pemmaraju
  • Julian Phillips
  • Kirsten Powers (now at CNN)
  • Elizabeth Prann (now at HLN)
  • Judith Regan
  • Julie Roginsky
  • Ed Rollins (not renewed)
  • James Rosen (now on the Sinclair Broadcast Group)
  • Sarah Sanders (contributor, terminated)
  • Rick Santorum (now with CNN)
  • Rob Schmitt (now at Newsmax TV)
  • Mike Schneider (left for Bloomberg Tv, most just lately at NJTV)
  • Laura Schwartz
  • Bob Sellers (was morning co-anchor at WZTV in Nashville till 2016)
  • Suzanne Sena
  • David Shuster (now at i24NEWS)
  • Jane Skinner
  • Shepard Smith (now at CNBC)
  • Tony Snow (grew to become White Home Press Secretary, deceased)
  • John Stossel
  • Andrea Tantaros
  • Cal Thomas (not renewed)
  • Greta Van Susteren (left for MSNBC, now at Grey Tv)
  • Linda Vester
  • George Will (now at NBC News and MSNBC)
  • Brian Wilson (presently morning drive time host on WMAL-FM)
  • Paula Zahn (left for CNN, now at Investigation Discovery)

See additionally

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